Women in Ancient Egypt

A work in progress bibliography on the topic of women in ancient Egypt.


  • Budin, S.L. and Turfa, J.M., Women in Antiquity: Real Women across the Ancient World (2016). Preview
  • Capel, A.K. and Markoe, G., Mistress of the House, Mistress of Heaven: Women in Ancient Egypt (1996). Preview
  • Graves-Brown, C., Dancing for Hathor: Women in Ancient Egypt (2010). Preview
  • James, S.L. and Dillon, S., A Companion to Women in the Ancient World (2012). Preview
  • Lesko, B.S., The remarkable women of ancient Egypt (1978).
  • Robins, G., Women in Ancient Egypt (1993). Preview
  • Szpakowska, K., Hidden voices: Unveiling women in ancient Egypt, in: A companion to women in the ancient world (2012), 25-38.
  • Tyldesley, J., Daughters of Isis: Women of Ancient Egypt (1994). Preview
  • Watterson, B., Women in Ancient Egypt (1991). Preview

Royal women


Old Kingdom

Middle Kingdom

  • Stefanović, D., Dossiers of Ancient Egyptian Women: The Middle Kingdom and Second Intermediate Period (2016).

New Kingdom

Third Intermediate Period

Late Period

Ptolemaic/Roman/Coptic Period


  • Ayad, M.F., God’s Wife, God’s Servant: The God’s Wife of Amun (2009). Preview
  • Graefe, E., Untersuchungen zur Verwaltung und Geschichte der Institution der Gottesgemahlin des Amun vom Beginn des neuen Reiches bis zur Spätzeit (1981).
  • Lesko, B.S., The women of Karnak, in: Perspectives on ancient Egypt (2010), 221-227.
  • Lorenz, M., Women and their employment, in: The life of Meresamun: A temple singer in ancient Egypt (2009), 98-104.
  • Onstine, S.L., The Role of the Chantress in Ancient Egypt (2005).
  • Teeter, E. and Johnson, J.H. (eds.), The life of Meresamun: A temple singer in ancient Egypt (2009).




  • Depauw, M., Notes on Transgressing Gender Boundaries in Ancient Egypt, ZÄS 130 (2003), 49-59.
  • Graves-Brown, C. (ed.), Sex and gender in ancient Egypt: ‘Don your wig for a joyful hour’ (2008).
  • Wilfong, T.G. (ed.), Women and Gender in Ancient Egypt: From Prehistory to Late Antiquity (1997).
  • Wilfong, T.G., Gender in ancient Egypt, in: Egyptian archaeology (2010), 164-179.

Writing & literacy

  • Bagnall, R.S. and Cribiore, R., Women’s letters from ancient Egypt, 300 BC-AD 800 (2006).
  • Shubert, S.B., Does she or doesn’t she? Female literacy in ancient Egypt, in: Proceedings of the Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations Graduate Students’ annual symposia, 1998-2000 (2001), 55-76.


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